How to Plant Sunflower Seeds – We Have Found Out Information That Can Help You Do It!
For many, growing, noticing, or receiving gifts of flowers can bring significant meaning into our lives. Roses are lovely for the romantics, and the lily of the valley signifies the delicate transition from winter to spring. When it comes to flowers that bring us into the vibrancy and sunny warmth of summer, the big yellow corona of a sunflower comes to mind immediately. If you’ve ever wanted to try growing sunflowers from seed, you can use this guide to find out exactly how to plant sunflower seeds into a beautiful patch of sunflowers with the best chance of success.
The Basics of Planting Sunflower Seeds
When it comes to planting sunflowers, you should know that sunflowers grow in the sunny months of the summer and they’re relatively easy to grow provided you take care of them. They are great for gardening with children or young gardeners and will grow to great heights if you let them. Once the sunflowers are in bloom, they look great as they are in your garden, growing along a fence, or cut and placed in a vase of water to admire in your home.
The most popular and common variety of sunflowers are yellow, but they can also come in shades of green, orange, red, and brown. Sunflowers also come in a variety of heights, meaning you could get some short ones that will grow to about 50cm or tall sunflowers which can grow to be 3 meters tall.
When to Plant Sunflower Seeds
Sunflowers do best in the warmer months meaning you should begin the process to plant sunflower seeds between April and August or depending on the climate you’re living in when the temperatures remain steadily warm. While sunflower germination only takes ten to fourteen days, sunflowers will take from eleven to eighteen weeks to flower from the time that you sew your seeds.
If you want to have a continuous burst of blooming sunflowers from the beginning of the warm season to the end, you can continue to plant some sunflower seeds approximately every two weeks to make sure that there are always big blooms in the summertime garden.
You should not plant a sunflower seed outside when there is a chance of sub-zero temperatures or frost, as this could kill the plant. If you want to start inside you should sow seeds in pots two to three weeks before you will be able to transfer them outside in ideal temperatures because the sunflower germination time is approximately ten to fourteen days. After sewing and germinating sunflower seeds inside in April or early May, you can plant them outside in the later weeks of May when the weather is consistently nice.
Where to Plant Sunflowers
Sunflowers, as the name would suggest, require plenty of suns. If you want to begin the process of starting sunflower seeds early in order to have blooms in the garden as early in the summer as possible, the best way to plant sunflowers is to start them out in small pots inside in April. By germinating sunflower seeds inside during the colder days, you can bring them outside when there is no longer a risk of frost and avoid stopping the growing process with damage from the cold.
You can also bring the pots outside on sunny days and monitor them easily. Once the weather is warm enough and the seedlings look healthy and strong enough to transfer, the sunflower seedlings can be planted in a sheltered and sunny spot in your garden. Plant sunflowers in good fertile soil, and add compost or tomato food to supply them with nutrients. If you want to grow sunflower seed without starting in small pots inside, you will need to wait until the weather is warm enough that there will surely not be any frost at night or in the mornings.
This means starting in June or later will be your best bet until the cold comes back around in the fall.
Sunflower Seed Planting Instructions
For starting in small pots, fill a 7.5-centimeter pot with potting soil and put one seed into the soil, about 1 and a half centimeters under the surface. Keep the pots in a sunny place that isn’t too hot or cold. Placing a plastic covering over the pots can be helpful for keeping in moisture during the early stages of the sunflower’s growth. Once the sunflower seeds have germinated and the time is right, they can be transferred into fertilized and prepared soil outside.
When planting sunflower seeds outside, you will want to be sure to protect your seeds and seedlings from pests like slugs or snails. To do this you can put salt around the parameters of the plants, or invest in an eco-friendly slug and snail deterrent. You can also feed the plants with compost or other natural fertilizers like tomato food in order to nourish them best so they can grow big and strong. Once they have begun to grow tall, some varieties, absolutely the taller ones and sometimes the shorter ones, will need to be staked to ensure that they are supported and won’t fall over.
Sunflower Growing Tips
When the sunflowers are growing they will need a good amount of water. The bigger the sunflower, the more difficult it will be for the plant to recover if it becomes dehydrated or dried out, so be sure to maintain a consistent watering schedule for your sunflower garden. When choosing which seeds to buy, check how tall the flowers are destined to grow, and ask yourself if the height will look nice with the rest of the plants or the structure of your garden.
If you’re going to go for a tall sunflower plant, be sure to plan accordingly and purchase poles or stakes if you don’t already have supports for a tall flower. Once you’ve bought the seeds, check to make sure that they do not have any mold on them before planting. You can also buy pre-germinated seedlings or small sunflower plants to transfer into the ground in your garden. Typically sunflowers don’t face a lot of challenges to grow, but as I mentioned before they can be susceptible to snails and slugs so be sure to monitor your garden for these pests and take appropriate measures should you encounter them.
Once the plant has flowered, leave the seed head available for birds to feast on and then pull the entire plant from the soil and dispose of it in the compost.
Sunflower Seeds For You and the Birds
If you like to eat sunflower seeds, you could harvest them from your very own homegrown sunflower plant. In order to harvest the seeds, wait until the sunflower has flowered and then pull the seeds out of the head of the flower. You will need to remove the hard and tough husk on the seeds because this outer layer is not edible, but once you have done that the delicious creamy seed inside is excellent roasted with salt.
The birds love sunflower seeds too, so whatever you don’t eat can be placed in the garden or in a bird feeder for your feathered friends.